From Disability History
The Camphill movement is an initiative for social change with over a hundred affiliates worldwide. Camphill communities seek to enhance the lives of people in need of services and supports for daily living, as well as people committed to service, by building intentional "life-sharing" communities where the spiritual integrity of every human being is upheld. Camphill communities in North America serve different groups, according to their age-related developmental needs, the therapeutic practices appropriate to those needs, and life-stage and social considerations. There is a pre-school and after-school community, a K-12 school community, communities for young adults exploring work and further learning, and communities for mature adults.
The first Camphill community was founded in 1939 in Scotland by Dr. Karl Koenig, an Austrian pediatrician and educator, and several colleagues. Inspired by the works of the philosopher and educator, Rudolf Steiner – collectively called "anthroposophy" – the pioneers began Camphill working with children with developmental disabilities.